COLUMNS statements define the columns of the report. The COLUMNS statement
can be abbreviated COLUMN, COLS, or COL.
- COLUMNS column-list / options;
The specified column names must be valid SAS names.
Abbreviated lists, as described in SAS Language: Reference,
can also be used.
You can use as many COLUMNS statements as you need.
A COLUMNS statement can describe more than one column,
and one column of the report can be described with several
different COLUMNS statements. The order of the columns on the report
is determined by the order of appearance of column names in COLUMNS
statements. The first occurrence of the name
determines where in the
sequence of columns a particular column is located.
The following options can be used in the COLUMNS statement:
Option for Column Type
indicates that the columns contain character data.
Options for Column Headings
You can specify as many lines of column headings as needed.
If no options are specified, the column
names from the COLUMNS statement are used as column headings.
Any or all of the following
options can be used in a column heading:
- "column heading"
specifies that the characters enclosed in quotes
is to be used in the column heading for the variable or
variables listed in the COLUMNS statement. Each quoted string
appears on a separate line of the heading.
uses labels, if provided, in the heading for the column
or columns listed in the COLUMNS statement. If a label has
not been provided, the name of the column is used.
Refer to SAS Language: Reference
for information on the LABEL statement.
- MTITLE= "text"
specifies that the string of characters enclosed in quotes is a master
title to be centered over all the columns listed in the COLUMNS
statement. The list of columns must be consecutive. Special characters
("+", "*", "=", and so forth) placed on either side of the text
expand to fill the space. The MTITLE= option
can be abbreviated M=.
uses column names in column headings for the columns
listed in the COLUMNS statement.
This option allows headings ("text")
and names to be combined in a heading.
Options for Column Print Control
inserts n spaces before each column listed in the COLUMNS
statement. The default spacing is given by the
CSPACE= option in the PROC COMPUTAB statement.
suppresses printing of columns listed in the COLUMNS statement.
This option enables you to create columns to be used for intermediate
calculations without having those columns printed.
suppresses printing of columns when all the values in a column are
0 or missing.
Numbers within the FUZZ= value of 0 are treated as 0.
starts a new page of the report before printing each of the
columns in the list that follows.
prints row titles before each column in the list.
The _TITLES_ option can be abbreviated as _TITLE_.
Options for Column Formatting
Column formats override row formats for particular table cells only when
the input data set is not transposed (when the NOTRANS option is specified).
- FORMAT= format
specifies a format for printing the values of the columns
listed in the COLUMNS statement. The FORMAT= option can be abbreviated
left-justifies the column headings for the columns listed.
By default, columns are right-justified.
When the LJC (left-justify character) option is used,
any character row values in the column are
also left-justified rather than right-justified.
- ZERO= "text"
substitutes "text" when the value in the column is 0 or missing.
Copyright © 1999 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.