Selects the prompt characters to be used by SAS/GRAPH device
|| GOPTIONS statement; GDEVICE procedure;
GDEVICE Parameters window
|| host dependent
|| GSFLEN, HANDSHAKE
- is an 8-byte hexadecimal string that is
specified as 16 hexadecimal characters. In GDEVICE procedure statements,
enclose the string in single quotation marks, followed by an X. In the Parameters
window, enter the hexadecimal string without either quotation marks or a trailing
Note: Bytes 1, 4, and 5 are the safest for you to
change because you are most likely to know the correct value for them. Check
with Technical Support before changing any of the other bytes.
The following list describes each byte in the string:
- byte 1
- is the ASCII code of the system prompt character
(for software handshaking). The system prompt character is the last character
that the host sends before waiting for a response from the plotter. For example,
11 means the host sends an XON or DC1 character as a prompt. If the host
does not send a special character for a prompt, set this byte to 00.
- byte 2
- is the ASCII code of the echo-terminator
character (for software handshaking). This character is sent at the beginning
of each record.
- byte 3
- prevents splitting commands across records
if the value is 01. If you are creating a graphics stream file to send to
a device at a later time, and there is the possibility that extra characters
will be added between records during transmission, setting the third byte
to 01 reduces the likelihood that the extra characters will be interpreted
as graphics commands and cause stray lines or other device characters. If
the third byte is set to 00, the driver makes the records as long as possible
and splits device commands across records if necessary. Setting the third
byte to 00 is more efficient but is more likely to result in device errors
if output is written to a file and later transmitted to the device.
- byte 4
- is the line-end character (for software
handshaking). It indicates that more data can be sent. This character is
almost always a carriage-return character, 0D.
- byte 5
- specifies turnaround delay in tenths of
a second (for software handshaking). The turnaround delay is the amount of
time the device waits after receiving the prompt character before sending
the line-end character. For example, a value of 05 represents a half-second
- byte 6
- sets default record length using a hexadecimal
value 00-FF. This byte sets the length of the records sent to the device
or to a file. If this byte is set to 00 (the default), SAS/GRAPH uses
the longest record length possible for the device. To specify an alternate
length, set the sixth byte to the hexadecimal value for the desired length.
For example, to generate records of length 80, specify 50 for the sixth byte.
If the GSFLEN device parameter or graphics option is specified, its value
overrides the value of the sixth prompt character.
Some values of the GPROTOCOL device parameter cause
each byte in the data stream to be expanded to two bytes. This expansion
is done after the length of the record is set by PROMPTCHARS. If you are
specifying a value for GPROTOCOL that does this (for example, SASGPHEX, SASGPLCL,
or SASGPAGL), specify a value for the sixth byte of PROMPTCHARS that is half
of the actual record length desired. For example, a hexadecimal value of
40 (64 decimal) produces a 128-byte record after expansion by the GPROTOCOL
- bytes 7 and 8
- are unused and should be set to 0000.
PROMPTCHARS is most commonly used to specify
parameters used in software handshaking (see HANDSHAKE), but it also can be used to control
the length of records written by most drivers. You also can use the GSFLEN=
graphics option for this purpose.
Copyright 1999 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.