- are files that are managed and maintained by your operating
system, not by SAS. They contain data or text or are files in which you want
to store data or text. They can also be SAS catalogs or output devices. Every
SAS job creates at least one external file, the SAS log. Most SAS jobs create
external files in the form of procedure output or output created by a DATA
External files used in a SAS session can store input for your SAS job
- records of raw data that you want to use as input to a DATA step
- SAS programming statements that you want to
submit to the system
External files can also store output from your SAS job as:
The PRINTTO procedure also enables you to direct procedure
output to an external file. For more information, see SAS Procedures Guide. See SAS Output for more
information about ODS.
- a SAS log (a record of
your SAS job)
- a report written by a DATA step.
- procedure output created by SAS procedures, including regular
list output, and, beginning in Version 7, HTML and PostScript output from
the Output Delivery System (ODS).
Note: Database management system (DBMS) files are a special category
of files that can be read with SAS/ACCESS software. For more information on
DBMS files, see Accessing Data in a DBMS
and the SAS/ACCESS documentation for your
Operating Environment Information: Using
files with your SAS jobs entails significant operating-environment-specific
information. Refer to the SAS documentation for your operating environment
for more information.
Copyright 1999 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.